Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Guaranteed tours
8-16 May 2021: From Stromboli to Etna - Sicila and Eolian Islands (Italy)
24 Jun - 8 Jul 2021: Colors of Iceland: Fire, Earth, Ice and Water - Iceland
30 Jul - 13 Aug 2021: Colors of Iceland: Fire, Earth, Ice and Water - Iceland
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out

Latest news
Sun, 17 Jan 2021, 16:55
Lava flow from Etna's New SE crater this morning seen on the INGV thermal webcam
This morning, the ongoing eruptive activity at the volcano changed: a lava flow started to emerge from a vent on the eastern summit of the New SE crater and quickly descended to its base. ... read all

Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03
Snow-covered Etna volcano with the fresh lava flows from 2002/03

Etna volcano

Complex stratovolcano Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Last update: 18 Jan 2021 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)
Eruption from Mt Etna volcano (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)

Mt Etna on Sicily, locally called "Mongibello", is Europe's largest and most active volcano. Its frequent eruptions are often accompanied by large lava flows, but rarely pose danger to inhabited areas. Etna is one of the volcanoes with the longest historic records of eruptions, going back more than 2000 years.

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: Effusive (lava flows) and mildly explosive (strombolian) eruptions. Both summit and frequent flank eruptions, the latter seem to be occurring in clusters lasting few to a few tens of years.
Etna volcano eruptions: Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-18, 2018(f), 2019 (s), 2020 (s)

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Mon, 18 Jan 2021 (GMT)
18 Jan 2021 8:18 pm (GMT +1) (18 Jan 2021 19:18:46 GMT)
2.3

20 km - More
13 km19 km northwest of Giarre, Catania, Sicily, Italy
18 Jan 2021 4:56 pm (GMT +1) (18 Jan 2021 15:56:17 GMT)
1.5

8.4 km - More
1.8 km10 Km NW Zafferana Etnea (CT), Italy
18 Jan 2021 2:58 pm (GMT +1) (18 Jan 2021 13:58:42 GMT)
2.1

11 km - More
12 km9 km east of Randazzo, Catania, Sicily, Italy
Sun, 17 Jan 2021 (GMT)
17 Jan 2021 10:23 pm (GMT +1) (17 Jan 2021 21:23:29 GMT)
1.6

3.1 km - More
3.6 km8 Km W Milo (CT), Italy
17 Jan 2021 5:38 pm (GMT +1) (17 Jan 2021 16:38:20 GMT)
2.0

16 km - More
10.4 km18 km northwest of Giarre, Catania, Sicily, Italy

Background

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BC. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, which makes it the highest and most voluminous in Italy. Ever since ancient times, the volcano seems to have been in near-constant activity. It is considered, after Kilauea on Hawaii, the second most active, i.e. productive volcano on earth.
Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur at Etna: (1) persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, from one or more of the 4 prominent summit craters, the Bocca Nova, Voragine (the former Central Crater), NE Crater, and SE Crater (the latter formed in 1978). (2) Flank eruptions, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequent and originate from fissures that open on the volcano's flanks. Such flank eruptions, such as the spectacular recent ones in 2001 and 2002-03 commonly form cinder cones, that dot the volcano in their hundreds.

Etna Photos

Etna's paroxysm from Voragine crater on 4 Dec 2015, seen from Cesarò (Photo: Giuseppe Famiani)
Etna's paroxysm from Voragine crater on 4 Dec 2015, seen from Cesarò (Photo: Giuseppe Famiani)
Group on a narrow ledge that separates two vents on Etna volcano, Italy. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Group on a narrow ledge that separates two vents on Etna volcano, Italy. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
After having reached its peak, the eruption wanes quickly, but a dense brown ash plume still rises high from the fissure vent. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
After having reached its peak, the eruption wanes quickly, but a dense brown ash plume still rises high from the fissure vent. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View of Etna from Alitalia flight from Trieste to Catania on 21 Apil 2012 (Photo: marcofulle)
View of Etna from Alitalia flight from Trieste to Catania on 21 Apil 2012 (Photo: marcofulle)
 



Etna volcano tours:
Volcanoes of Italy - the Grand Tour (15-days study & walking tour from Vesuvius to Etna)
Etna Trekking Tour (private and group tours to Etna volcano with a mountain guide)
Etna Volcano Special (volcano expedition to see Mt. Etna volcano' eruption)
Etna Discovery (8-days hiking & study tour on Mt. Etna volcano, Italy)
From Stromboli to Etna (9-day walking & study tour to Stromboli, Lipari, Vulcano and Etna with our expert volcanologist)


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.