Stromboli volcano

stratovolcano 926 m
Eolian Islands, Italy, 38.79°N / 15.21°E
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Last update: 7 Oct 2021 (pyroclastic flow followed major explosion)
Powerful strombolian eruption from Stromboli volcano
Powerful strombolian eruption from Stromboli volcano

Stromboli, a small island north of Sicily, is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and famous for its normally small, but regular explosions throwing out glowing lava from several vents inside its summit crater. This activity has been going on for at least 2000 years, as long as there is written memory of the activity, which Stromboli lended its name to, the so-called strombolian activity.

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Typical eruption style: Small explosive (strombolian) eruptions, typically every 20-30 mins. Intermittently, ca. every 2-20 years, minor effusive eruptions (lava flows); on average 2-5 times per year larger explosions.
Stromboli volcano eruptions: Persistant (near-constant) activity since at least 2-3000 years. Most recent effusive (lava flow) eruptions from Dec. 2002-July 2003, March 2007, Aug-Oct 2014. Paroxysm 3 July 2019

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Wednesday, October 20, 2021 12:08 GMT (1 earthquake)
Oct 20, 2021 2:08 pm (GMT +2) (Oct 20, 2021 12:08 GMT)
3.6

193 km
30 km (19 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 45 km north of Messine, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Sunday, October 17, 2021 02:19 GMT (1 earthquake)
Oct 17, 2021 4:19 am (GMT +2) (Oct 17, 2021 02:19 GMT)
2.5

237 km
42 km (26 mi)
48 km northwest of Milazzo, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Wednesday, October 13, 2021 12:07 GMT (2 earthquakes)
Oct 13, 2021 2:07 pm (GMT +2) (Oct 13, 2021 12:07 GMT)
2.6

70 km
45 km (28 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 41 km north of Messine, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy
Oct 13, 2021 3:47 am (GMT +2) (Oct 13, 2021 01:47 GMT)
2.2

120 km
49 km (30 mi)
Tyrrhenian Sea, 25 km northwest of Messine, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy

Background

The N-most island of the Eolian Islands is famous for its spectacular incandescent nighttime explosions, that have long attracted visitors from all over the world and brought the volcano the nickname the "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Stromboli has even given its name to this kind of typical small explosions.
As long as there are historical records, Stromboli has been constantly active, which makes it almost unique among the volcanoes in the world. Most of its activity consists of brief and small bursts of glowing lava fragments to heights of 100-200 m above the craters. Occasionally, much stronger explosions or periods of more continuous activity can occur. The most violent eruptions during the past 100 years, in 1919, 1930 and on 5 April 2003, were large enough to take lives and or destroy property even at considerable range from the craters, for example inside the inhabited areas.
Apart from explosive activity, effusive eruptions with outflow of lava occur at irregular intervals ranging from a few years to decades. The most recent one began on 28 December 2002 and ended in July 2003.
Stromboli offers visitors a unique possibility to watch its eruptions. From the rim of an older crater one can stand only 150-250 m almost directly above the active craters,- a perfect viewing terrace. It should be mentioned that this is regarded as surprisingly safe as well: even though there is a small risk of being involved in a sudden, larger explosion (which happen infrequently a few times per year), and then being hit, injured or killed by an ejected bomb from the crater, the risk in terms of numbers is probably much smaller than many other risks in everyday situations. The number of accidents on Stromboli, when compared to the number of visitors at the crater over the years, is extremely small.
For hose who know and learn to love it, Stromboli is a magical place,- even not only for its volcano, but also for its unique charm, its beautiful beaches, the lush vegetation and its characteristic and unspoiled architecture.

Stromboli Photos

Fireworks at Stromboli volcano, Italy. The photo was taken in spring 2009 and shows an explosion from Stromboli's NE crater in the evening twilight. In the first half of 2009 in particular, this crater was in spectacular, vigorous activity. It had quickly built a tall cone, changing and dominating the crater terrace of Stromboli, and although more changes have happened, it is still one of the main features of the crater today. 
We selected this photo as the "Photo of the Month" Dec 2011 and congratulate Christian with a 500 EUR travel voucher! (Photo: muepla)
Fireworks at Stromboli volcano, Italy. The photo was taken in spring 2009 and shows an explosion from Stromboli's NE crater in the evening twilight. In the first half of ...
Powerful strombolian eruption; some blocks become first visible when they leave the black ash cloud. (Anak Krakatau) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Powerful strombolian eruption; some blocks become first visible when they leave the black ash cloud. (Anak Krakatau) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian activity at Etna's SE crater in October 2006. The lights of Catania in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian activity at Etna's SE crater in October 2006. The lights of Catania in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Stromboli volcano tours:
Volcanoes of Italy - the Grand Tour (15-days study & walking tour from Vesuvius to Etna)
From Stromboli to Etna (9-day walking & study tour to Stromboli, Lipari, Vulcano and Etna with our expert volcanologist)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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